Learn to read Bulgarian

For travel in Eastern Europe, Russia and central Asia, understanding the Cyrillic script makes it so much easier to get around. Thirty minutes study will equip you to decipher street names and other written signs, travel information, restaurant names and so on, giving you much greater independence as you explore the city and travel around by bus, train or car. And it’s not as hard as it looks!

The Cyrillic alphabet

A a a as in tram
Б б b as in bus
В в v as in visit
Г г g as in go
Д д d as in dinner
E e е as in enter
Ж ж zh as the s in pleasure
З з z as in zoo
И и i as in interesting
Й й y y as in yes
К к k as in king
Л л l as in love
М м m as in metro
Н н n as in no
О о o as in opera
П п p as in price
Р р r as in traffic (a strong rolling r)
С с s as in Sofia
Т т t as in train
У у u oo as in book
Ф ф f as in free
Х х h as in hotel
Ц ц ts as in tickets
Ч ч ch as in choose
Ш ш sh sh as in shoes
Щ щ sht as in borsht
Ъ ъ u /er as in turn
ьo yo as in beyond
Ю ю u as you
Я я ya as in Tanya

Now practice reading these useful words and phrases.
The Bulgarian word is first, then the transliteration, and its meaning in English.

Да; da = Yes
Не; ne = No
здравей;  zdra-VEY = Hello (informal),
Здравейте; zdra-VEY-te = Hello (formal or plural)
благодаря;  blagoda-RI-ya = Thank you
гара; ­gara = station
влак;  vlak = train
летище; letishte = airport
автобус; avtobus = bus
автогара; avtogara = bus station
един билет; edin bilet = one ticket
два/три билета; dva/tri bileta = two/three tickets
еднопосочен/двупосочен билет; ednoposochen/dvuposochen bilet = one-way /two-way ticket
заминава; zaminava = departs